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School-Related Gender-Based Violence (SRGBV): Reducing Early Marriage for Girls' Education (Available only in French)
Child marriage is a violation of human rights and an obstacle to the achievement of almost all the Millennium Development Goals.
According to the United Nations Fund for Population Activities, if nothing is done to reverse the trend, there are more than 140 million girls, including 50 million within 15 years, who will be married between 2011 and 2020, 39,000 per day, the majority in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. France, like other European countries, is also affected by the phenomenon.
The impact of early marriage is, still today, very often evoked solely in terms of health (link with teenage pregnancy, HIV / AIDS, sexual and reproductive rights, etc.) without sufficient interest to its effect on education on the one hand, and of the role that can be played by education in the prevention of marriage on the other.
It is for this reason that Plan France has decided to centre its 2013 campaign for the education of girls, and this report, on the “marriage-education” relationship. Indeed, when a girl marries early, it usually results in the end of their studies if she is educated, ultimately taking away the possibility to take decisions about work, health, well-being and that of her children in her adult life. Conversely, we know that the longer the duration of schooling is for girls, the less likely they are to be married early. The 2012 report of the UNFPA indicates that girls who have completed primary education level schooling are two times more likely to marry earlier than those who have received secondary or higher education, and girls without a primary education three times more likely to marry before age 18 than those who have completed secondary or higher education.