The Case for Addressing Gender and Power in Sexuality And HIV Education: A Comprehensive Review Of Evaluation Studies
ISBN: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 2015, 41(1):31–42, doi: 10.1363/4103115
METHODS: To explore whether the inclusion of content on gender and power matters for program efficacy, electronic and hand searches were conducted to identify rigorous sexuality and HIV education evaluations from developed and developing countries published between 1990 and 2012. Intervention and study design characteristics of the included interventions were disaggregated by whether they addressed issues of gender and power.
RESULTS: Of the 22 interventions that met the inclusion criteria, 10 addressed gender or power, and 12 did not. The programs that addressed gender or power were five times as likely to be effective as those that did not; fully 80% of them were associated with a significantly lower rate of STIs or unintended pregnancy. In contrast, among the programs that did not address gender or power, only 17% had such an association.
CONCLUSIONS: Addressing gender and power should be considered a key characteristic of effective sexuality and HIV education programs.