The twin challenges of child labour and educational marginalisation in the East and South-East Asia region
This study looks at child labour in eight countries - Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Philippines, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Vietnam and Mongolia – covered by the ILO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific. Much remains to be done in the eight study countries to overcome the twin challenges of child labour and educational marginalisation. Although the eight countries have collectively shown improvements in terms of child labour and primary school attendance, child labour continues to be high in several of them and a significant number of primary school-aged children are out of school, often due to the demands of work. Both child labour and education marginalisation can lead to social vulnerability and societal marginalisation, and both can permanently impair productive potential and therefore influence lifetime patterns of employment and pay. Child labour is also often associated with direct threats to children’s health and well-being. Accelerating progress against child labour and educational marginalisation therefore remains a critical development priority.