Impact of Conditional Cash Transfers on Girls' Education

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Author/Publisher: International Center for Research on Women (ICRW), 2014
Download: English

Child marriage, or marriage under the age of 18, is a global phenomenon that affects nearly 67 million girls worldwide (UNFPA 2012). With prevalence of 47%, India  has the largest number of girls marrying before the age of 18 years in the world (UNFPA 2012). Child marriage not only violates girls’ human rights, but also adversely impacts  their development. Girls who marry early are more likely to be socially isolated, have  early and high-risk pregnancies, be at risk of sexually transmitted infections, and be  more vulnerable to intimate partner violence (Bott and Jejeebhoy 2003; Mathur et.  al 2003; UNICEF 2001, 2009, 2011; Jain and Kurtz 2007; Malhotra et. al. 2011). Child  marriage also stifl es girls’ educational attainment and makes them less equipped to benefit from employment or economic advancement (Nanda et. al. 2012).  

In India, in addition to having a law and many large civil society programs to delay early marriage, the government over the past fifteen years has initiated multiple national and state sponsored conditional cash transfer3,4 (CCT) programs with the direct or indirect aim of delaying marriage among girls (Sekher 2010). 

This resource is a report on initial findings from ICRW’s evaluation of a conditional cash transfer program implemented by the state government in Haryana, India.


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