Publication Date: 2005
Author/Publisher: DFID, The Department of International Development
This is one of a number of papers written in preparation for a full DFID evaluation of its gender equality work. It reviews the framework, country commitments and multilateral cooperation in the field of education – and outlines the reasons for failure to reach parity in primary education by a large number of countries in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. It then goes on to review the strategies that have been developed to address these challenges – acknowledging that a combination of approaches will be required depending on problems faced in a particular context. The evaluation looks at understandings of gender equality, aid modalities for gender equality in education and indicators for impact assessment of DFID work. It concludes that the narrow focus on the Education Millennium Development Goal (parity in primary education) fails to address wider concerns of post-primary learning as outlined in the Education for All agenda. It also points out that the proportion of DFID’s education expenditure on programmes with a gender element has declined and that Country Assistance Plans consider gender equality issues in separate policies rather than within education policies themselves. It also advocates new approaches to drawing up strategy documents and monitoring plans.