The benefits of education for girls and women are particularly strong. Evidence highlights that for education to enhance economic growth, children must be both in school and learning. Learning propels the transformational potential of education to contribute to better governance, more peace and democracy, political stability and the rule of law. Taken together, evidence suggests that a quality education can enable people to shape, strengthen and contribute to the building blocks of open economies and open societies. Education is also an essential part of responding to current and future challenges, from demographic and climate change, to rising inequalities within and between countries.