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The relationship between education and labour market outcomes plays a crucial role in the social and economic development of countries at many levels. It affects the personal progress and prosperity of individuals and influences societies’ welfare, political stability and growth. It also has the power to facilitate or impede the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals through linkages with poverty reduction, universal access to education, and gender parity. If observed through gender lenses, such relationships reveal each country’s cultural traditions, social norms and impacts on the existence of gender divides in social empowerment and economic well-¬-being.