Munni (9 years old) searches for metal in a pile of garbage on the bank of river Buriganga in Old Dhaka. She lives nearby in a slum. She has three sisters and one brother. Her mother works at a plastic & rubber recycling workshop. Her father died recently in a boat accident. When she is not scavenging, she is usually doing domestic chores like collecting water, cooking, cleaning or washing dirty dishes or laundries.
World Day Against Child Labour 2009: Give girls a chance: End child labour
The World Day Against Child Labour will be celebrated on 12 June 2009. The World Day this year marks the tenth anniversary of the adoption of the landmark ILO Convention No. 182, which addresses the need for action to tackle the worst forms of child labour.
Whilst celebrating progress made during the past ten years, the World Day will highlight the continuing challenges, with a focus on exploitation of girls in child labour. Around the world, an estimated 100 million girls are involved in child labour. Many of these girls undertake similar types of work as boys, but often also endure additional hardships and face extra risks. Moreover, girls are all too often exposed to some of the worst forms of child labour, often in hidden work situations.
On this World Day we call for:
Policy responses to address the causes of child labour, paying particular attention to the situation of girls.
Urgent action to tackle the worst forms of child labour.
Greater attention to the education and skills training needs of adolescent girls - a key action point in tackling child labour and providing a pathway for girls to gain Decent Work as adults.
Girls and child labour
ILO standards require that countries establish a minimum age of employment (generally 15 though developing countries can set the age at 14). They also require that children (including adolescents aged 15-17) are not involved in work designated as a worst form of child labour.
ILO expert Frank Hageman presents a new ILO report that despite recent progress in eliminating child labour which affects 218 million children globally, girls make up an estimated 100 million and more than half of them are under the age of 12. The report cites evidence that as a result of the economic crisis, more girls are kept out of school than boys with the result that they may enter the workforce at an early age.