This map does not reflect a position by UNICEF on the legal status of any country or territory or the delimitation of any frontiers.
Following a serious socio-political crisis, the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela has entered a phase of greater stability. Changes were made to the legal and institutional framework, including the establishment of a child and adolescent protection system. Forty per cent of the population is under 17 years old; a substantial part of Venezuela’s people are of African descent, and 2.2 per cent are of indigenous descent. The economy has shown significant improvements due to increases in oil prices and non-traditional exports. Social spending has increased and implementing social programmes has become a priority, mainly in education, health and social development. However, 60.1 per cent of the population, including children, adolescents and women, still lives in poverty and 28.1 percent in extreme poverty.