Information by Country
Issues facing children in Turkmenistan
- Acute respiratory infections and diarrhoea are the leading causes of infant mortality.
- Hospitals lack sufficient obstetric supplies and emergency medicines.
- Less than half of young people know how to avoid HIV infection.
- Because teenagers are expected to help with agricultural work, the school year is only 150 days long. The curriculum is unique to Turkmenistan, and omits or gives short shrift to basic core subjects.
- Enrolment in universities has declined from 40,000 in the 1990s to 3,000 in 2004. Contributing to this drop is a requirement that students work for two years before attending college. (Turkmenistan’s high unemployment rate makes this prerequisite particularly onerous.) All education degrees obtained abroad since 1993 have been nullified.