Information by Country
- Rural populations lag behind urban dwellers in almost every social and economic index, from mortality rates to school enrolment.
- Hundreds of thousands of girls are out of school. In rural areas, a lack of schools and classrooms means that some teachers have more than 100 students per class.
- Child labour remains widespread, as does child marriage.
- The official number of HIV/AIDS cases is 1,800, but the actual number is believed to be considerably higher.
- Immunization rates for childhood diseases are in need of improvement. Low demand for vaccines by parents is one reason.
- The government’s ongoing efforts to improve prenatal care, increase educational opportunities for girls and promote breastfeeding have had profound effects on infant and under-five mortality rates. Infant mortality dropped to 33 per 1,000 by 2003. The number of women who breastfeed exclusively has doubled over the past five years.
- A Girls’ Education Campaign has led to the enrolment of 74,500 additional girls in primary schools. Some 52,800 additional boys were also enrolled.
- The minimum marriage age for girls was raised from 15 to 17.
- A new civil code gives women equal rights with men, though most women still face discrimination.