Information by Country
Papua New Guinea: Background
The country was declared polio free in 2000. However, immunization coverage has stagnated in the last decade, with only about one half of children under one year old being reached with polio and measles vaccines, and only 44 per cent of pregnant women receiving tetanus toxoid immunization. Preventable diseases, such as measles, pneumonia and diarrhoea, are still the major causes of morbidity and mortality. The inadequate coverage of antenatal care and the low number of births attended by trained health professionals increase the risk to both mother and child during delivery. Access to potable water and sanitary latrines remains limited only to urban areas.