Information by Country

Nepal: Background

This map does not reflect a position by UNICEF on the legal status of any country or territory or the delimitation of any frontiers.
Nepal's political situation has been volatile since Parliament was suspended in 2002. Several prime ministers have since attempted to rule the country, while a Maoist insurgency known as “People's War” has seized control of nearly half of the country, instituting their own government functions. More than 10,000 people have died in the hostilities, and strikes and blockades affect every corner of the country.

Human Rights Watch reports that the number of “disappearances,” usually by government forces, are the highest in the world. The Peace Corps recently halted operations in Nepal. UNICEF is one of the few organizations allowed by the insurgent forces to continue its humanitarian work, though “suspensions” are common.

Despite the political conflict, Nepal has experienced modest economic growth. Government spending on education, health and social services remains stable.



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NEPAL 2008