Information by Country

Mongolia: Background

This map does not reflect a position by UNICEF on the legal status of any country or territory or the delimitation of any frontiers.
Mongolia is an independent nation with a ruling democratic coalition. Mongolia has made important strides over the past few years in promoting the rights of children and women. The Parliament passed a law on child protection in 1996. In addition, the eradication of polio, which is one of the National Programme of Action (NPA) goals, has been virtually achieved. There have been no measles deaths since 1994. The number of primary school drop-outs has declined to about half of the 1995 level. The country continues to experience the dramatic effects of its transition from a centrally planned to a market economy, and from single party rule to multi-party democracy. Continued dependence on copper, gold and cashmere make the economy vulnerable to downturns in global markets.


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