Information by Country

Malaysia: Background

This map does not reflect a position by UNICEF on the legal status of any country or territory or the delimitation of any frontiers.
Malaysia has a multi-ethnic, multi-cultural population that enjoys a good standard of living and gives high priority to education and health. Universal primary education was achieved by 1990. The reductions in child and maternal mortality have been exceptional and rates are now similar to those of many developed countries. These improvements are attributable to a well developed primary health care system, including substantial investments in the reproductive health service, and to access to quality water, sanitation and nutrition. But Malaysia is not without its challenges. Underpinning these is the issue of disparity, social and economic, resulting in the marginalization of some communities.

Issues facing children in Malaysia

  • HIV/AIDS prevalence is increasing. Reported HIV cases are doubling every three years.
  • Reports of violence against children and young people, including sexual abuse, are increasing.
  • Juvenile offences and substance abuse also appear to be on the rise.
  • Many parents are short of time for child-rearing and care of young children. There is a shortage of quality services for early childhood care and development.
  • Accident and injury is now the leading cause of child morbidity and mortality.


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