Children at lessons in a school tent. UNICEF has distributed emergency school tents in the districts of Bantul, Yogyakarta and Klaten in Central Java.
In the aftermath of the earthquake of 27 May on the island of Java that devastated and claimed the lives of thousands of people and destroyed around 1,000 schools, UNGEI partners have been actively working together to get children back into school.
The priority of the Indonesian Government is to provide temporary learning spaces for children to ensure a smooth beginning of the school year, on 17 July. UNGEI partners are supporting the Government’s efforts by providing tents, water and sanitation facilities for temporary schools; offering psychosocial support for students, particularly girls; and constructing and rehabilitating permanent schools.
Education is an integral component of the humanitarian response to an emergency. It plays a crucial rehabilitative and protective role in fulfilling the needs and rights of children after a natural disaster. CIDA, DFID, Sida and USAID have already pledged millions to bring normalcy back to the lives of children affected by the earthquake. The funds will be used to provide temporary shelters and school materials and assess damage to school buildings. Schools that have been lightly damaged are expected to be refurbished in the coming months, while those destroyed will be replaced, either consolidated into larger schools or rebuilt on existing sites.
Plan International, Save the Children, UNESCO, UNICEF and World Vision International are some of the partners working to ensure that children’s right to education is not denied in times of emergency.
© USAID/Decentralized Basic Education Program
Indonesia Earthquake 2006 Response Plan (ERP)
Elementary school students in Klaten proceed with their classes inside a tent provided by USAID's Decentralized Basic Education (DBE) program.
On 2 June 2006, the Humanitarian Coordinator and the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) Country Team launched the Indonesia Earthquake 2006 Response Plan (ERP) based on the rapid needs assessment carried out from 27 – 29 May. The IASC applied the cluster approach to ensure greater predictability and accountability in the response. As such, each key area of work has a clear lead amongst UN agencies and non-UN partners.
The overall goal of the education cluster is to support the Government of Indonesia, particularly the Education Departments of Yogyakarta and Central Java provinces, in providing immediate and medium-term assistance to re-establish child-friendly schools(?). A rapid assessment of the learning spaces will be conducted to identify the needs met and existing gaps to shed light on areas that need attention.
The response from the development partners consisted in 100 school tents donated by the Japanese Government, 20 school tents donated by USAID and three other tents by Save the Children. UNICEF provided 85 school tents, 75 school-in-a-box kits, 75 blackboards and 75 rulers. (Source: Humanitarian Appeal: Consolidated Appeals Process).
UNESCO is to provide Indonesia with assistance in emergency heritage preservation, education and post trauma support for children, as well as communication as defined by ERP. “Community emergency education and trauma counselling services for children in the earthquake-affected areas” is a programme which foresees the establishment of children’s summer camps – that will provide learning and recreation and support the reintegration of children, particularly girls, around their schools and/or community centres. It will help take care of the school age children during school vacation and post-earthquake early recovery period and provide counselling and healing to traumatized children through educational, cultural and recreational activities. Another area of focus is support for teachers and training members of the community to help them organize non-formal education for school children. The programme will target 1,000 children aged 5 to 15, 50 teachers, and 50 youth volunteers or students in Yogyakarta, Bantul and Klaten districts. It will be implemented with the Indonesian Government, local authorities, NGOs, Communities and other stakeholders. (Source: UNESCO)
World Vision International will set up temporary schools in Kebon Dalem, Baturan, Mlese, Banyuripan and Balak villages in Klaten district in Central Java province; as well as in Pandowoharjo, Canden, Terong, Mangunan, Karangtalun villages in Bantul district, in Yogyakarta province so that the children in the area can have a comfortable study environment when the new schooling year start in mid-July. Ronny Ichwan, World Vision Indonesia area coordinator for Klaten district, said each school would be provided with seven large tents, 240 tables, 240 chairs, six blackboards, 2,400 sets of textbooks, a water tank and latrine rooms. (Source: World Vision).
Viki, 10, poses with his mother Esti, 34. Viki’s elementary school, located in his small village of Nogosari, was destroyed in the quake. His one request was that it be rebuilt soon so he could attend school again.
will work to ensure that primary and junior secondary educational services are re-established within six months and that all children affected by the earthquake have access to sufficient quantity and quality of temporary learning spaces. UNICEF’s action plan includes:
- Assess the evolving basic education situation and support the government in coordinating the overall basic education response.
- Ensure access to sufficient quantity and quality of temporary learning spaces for primary and junior secondary school students.
- Ensure that students have access to basic teaching-learning materials including textbooks.
- Ensure temporary learning spaces have adequate basic water and sanitation facilities.
As the lead agency for child protection, UNICEF will be responsible for inter-agency and NGO coordination. (Source: UNICEF Crisis Appeal).
USAID staff from the Decentralized Basic Education (DBE) program used their resourcefulness to secure donated tents large enough to conduct classes for the students at Sumopuro and Tangkisanpos Elementary Schools in Klaten. The tents enabled six grade students in both schools to complete their national examinations, which are required to advance to the next grade. (Source: USAID). As of June 12th, USAID/OFDA had pledged $5 million for earthquake response activities and already allocated most of this pledge to finance: airlifts and the distribution of relief commodities; humanitarian coordination efforts; and, emergency health, shelter, and water and sanitation activities. (Source: USAID).
Plan International is carrying out an assessment of damage to schools and will be providing school materials and helping to set up makeshift classrooms in tents or temporary structures and will be setting up child-friendly centres for young children whose homes and schools have been damaged or destroyed. (Source: Plan International - Indonesia emergency web log).
© Save the Children/Jon Bugge
Photo taken in Bantul district on 30 May 2006.
Save the Children is planning to provide school tents, and is distributing Education kits for children and teachers. Byrne said, “We are also working with the UN and the Government of Indonesia to set up three centres to co-ordinate relief activities for children. There will be one children's centre in Yogyakarta, one in Bantul and one in Klaten. Mobile teams from Save the Children will use these centres as a base camp while working with the children in the areas that have been affected by the earthquake.” (Source: International Save the Children Alliance).
CIDA allocates $212,500 to Save the Children Canada for emergency assistance for children affected by the earthquake. The funding will help bring a sense of normalcy to the lives of approximately 3000 children in the region by establishing up to 60 temporary learning/safe play spaces, based on rapid assessment findings and distributing 60 emergency education kits with local education authorities. (Source: CIDA).
DFID reports that UK Indonesia pledge rises to £5 million. The £1 million will be given to relief agencies, including Save the Children and Oxfam, for work over the next three months. (Source: DFID).
Sida supports the Emergency Response Plan by SEK 14 million. The support is divided on SEK 6 million to UNICEF for clean water and temporary learning spaces, SEK 4 million to the Swedish Red Cross/the International Federation of the Red Cross for Emergency shelter and non-food items, and SEK 4 million to OCHA for Coordination of humanitarian activities. (Source: Sida).
WFP, up to 3 July, had delivered 1,107 tons of food aid to Cooperating Partner NGOs in nine of the hardest-hit sub-districts of Bantul and Klaten. The assistance is sufficient to reach around 115,000 beneficiaries, which amounts to 95 per cent of WFP’s planned targets. (Source: WFP Emergency Report).
© International Rescue Committee/Alan Manski
A mother and daughter who were left homeless by the May 27 central Java earthquake are living in a makeshift shelter with the few possessions they were able to salvage from the ruins of their former home.
An International Rescue Committee doctor, within a day of the quake treated some 400 survivors in 48 hours and led the distribution of one ton of medicines and first aid supplies. IRC emergency response experts who joined him have been providing thousands of families in villages in the hardest-hit areas with urgently needed drinking water, blankets, hygiene supplies, new latrines, and materials to start rebuilding homes. IRC teams will also set up “child friendly spaces” - safe and structured environments where the youngest and most vulnerable survivors can play, learn and begin to heal. (Source: IRC).
CARE sends a group of disaster relief experts to join a U.N. assessment team in the earthquake-stricken region of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. CARE is focusing particularly on the needs of remote rural areas. (Source: CARE).
Oxfam's emergency teams are supporting an estimated 20,000 people made homeless by the Yogyakarta earthquake, providing them with clean water and essential supplies. Stocks and expertise are also being drawn in from Oxfam's operations in Jakarta, Aceh, West Timor and South Asia to ensure immediate needs can be met in Yogyakarta. (Source: Oxfam).