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Eritrea celebrates women teachers as role models for girl students
Each year on International Women's Day, 8 March, the world pauses to celebrate women's achievements. In the run-up to 8 March, here is the story of one effort to inspire girls with women teachers as role models.
ASMARA, Eritrea, 5 March 2009 – The Hotel Embasoira in Asmara recently hosted an award ceremony for women teachers, organized by the Ministry of Education and supported by UNICEF. The event, a first of its kind in Eritrea, celebrated the work and long-term achievements of 12 educators.
On hand for the ceremony were UNICEF Deputy Representative in Eritrea Juan Carlos Espinola Ayala, UNICEF Chief of Education Dr. Ikem Chiejine, the Director General of Research and Human Resource Development in the Ministry of Education, Petros Hailemariam, and other senior government officials.
The event was part of a government initiative to encourage women to take up the teaching profession, increase the motivation of women teachers and strengthen their work.
"The encouragement of women teachers is linked to women's liberation, and this depends on the educational opportunities that the government provides to women and girls," said Mr. Hailemariam.
Milestone in educational achievement
Mr. Ayala praised the commitment of the 12 women to their responsibility as role models in their schools as well as their communities and families. He congratulated the Ministry and all involved parties for identifying such role models in a world where children are exposed to mixed messages from the media – and where their values are often corrupted by negative influences.
Each of the 12 teachers, two from each of the country's six regions, received a certificate of acknowledgement, a dictionary and a 4,000-nakfa (US$270) cheque as a token of appreciation for their contribution to educational advancement in Eritrea.
Inclusive selection process
The Ministry Developed criteria for selection of the teachers in consultation with local school systems and UNICEF. The women were honoured on the basis of their experience and exemplary contributions within the school, the community and the family.
The criteria included the teachers' record of support for students who may need extra attention to achieve academic results.
The selection process was designed to follow a bottom-up approach, with students as well as peer teachers, school directors and regional education administrators participating.
Overcoming the gender gap
Although women represent about 50 per cent of all teachers at the elementary level, the ratio drops to less than 10 per cent at middle and secondary schools.
On the other hand, unlike many other countries, Eritrea pays equivalent salaries to female and male teachers.
However, teaching is still a male-dominated profession here. This gender gap is generally due to lack of equal access to education for girls – particularly in some of the regions – and complex socio-cultural barriers that push girls to drop out before completing their education.
'I am very proud'
To provide long-term solutions to these problems, UNICEF is supporting the Eritrean Government's work on equality in education, for both students and teachers. In addition to the new awards for women teachers, other strategies supported by UNICEF and implemented by the Ministry for achieving equality in education include:
- Teacher training focused on professional development for women teachers
- Community advocacy and mobilization for girls' education
- Incentives to support educational access and school retention girls from disadvantaged communities
- Complementary education provided for over-age, out-of school children, also with a focus on girls.
The recent awards were well received by the teachers. One honouree, Tsehainesh Hagos Hailu from Medeber Elementary School, said the award will motivate her to work even harder.
"This gives me an opportunity to do my best in the future," she said. "I am very proud of myself, my country, my Ministry and the teachers' association."