Information by Country
Issues facing children in Burundi
- Threats to Burundi’s children include rape, child prostitution, child labour, recruitment into militias, internal displacement, kidnapping and landmines.
- Burundi’s infant and under-five mortality rates remain among the highest in the world, due in large part to malaria, diarrhoea, pneumonia and HIV/AIDS. Burundian women face a lifetime risk of maternal death of 1 in 12.
- Approximately 27,000 children under age 15 have HIV/AIDS. Another 200,000 have been orphaned by the disease.
- The first national nutrition survey conducted in 18 years showed a reduction in malnutrition and an increase in breastfeeding for children under six months, but also revealed high incidences of vitamin A deficiency (28 per cent) in children under age five. Some 60 per cent of primary school–aged children have iodine deficiency.
- Immunization rates for the deadliest childhood diseases have declined in recent years.
- Three quarters of primary schools lack potable water; 38 per cent of schools have insufficient latrines.
- A lingering conflict between the government and Hutu forces in the western provinces continues to threaten civilians. Recruitment of child soldiers is an urgent concern.