This map does not reflect a position by UNICEF on the legal status of any country or territory or the delimitation of any frontiers.
With an estimated 170 million inhabitants, Brazil has the largest population in Latin America and ranks sixth in the world. In Brazil, 54 million people live below the poverty line. The child mortality rate has fallen to 29 per 1,000 live births, but remains disproportional to national production capacity and available technology. Maternal mortality continues to be a problem, although its magnitude is unclear due to a lack of consistent data despite 96 per cent of deliveries taking place in hospitals. Pre-natal care is considered to be of low quality and of unequal access to different segments of the population and regions of the country. The fight against HIV/AIDS requires special actions focused on children and youth. With 97 per cent enrolment in primary school, the educational challenge is that of quality: 1.1 million children and adolescents aged 12 to 17 are still unable to read and write; 11 per cent of children are completing eight years of primary school by age 15.