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Benin: Newsline

It takes a community to educate a girl, or a boy, in Benin

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©UNICEF video
School children attend classes in Bembéréké village, northern Benin, with help from a UNICEF-supported community education initiative.

BEMBÉRÉKÉ, Benin, 20 April 2010 – Going to school can be a long, lonely walk for a young girl in Benin. That’s if her parents even let her pursue an education. But a UNICEF-supported scheme of ‘big sistering’ in 16 districts of this West African country makes the journey enjoyable – and serves as a monitoring system to ensure that girls get to school each day.

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“When I have finished washing myself, I check if my girls have finished washing. If they have, we go to school together so we will not be late to school,” says Elaire Gama, 11, who attends the Bembéréké Primary School in a rural farming village in northern Benin.

Role models for young girls

‘Big sisters’ are older girls who volunteer to pick up one to three younger ones every morning. They walk together to and from school, and the elder girl looks after the younger ones at play time.

“The other students respect us and they look up to us as if we were teachers,” says Elaire. It is clear that she takes her role very seriously.

Many of the senior students in the school also act as monitors. If someone in their neighbourhood does not make it to school, that student visits the family to find out why and then reports back to the headmaster. They also look for children who have never enrolled and encourage them to attend.

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© UNICEF video
Elaire Gama, 11, mentors younger girls and accompanies them to and from school in Bembéréké# village, northern Benin.

Often, they are told the child needs to work on the parents’ farm or tend the animals. Once such cases are reported, the parent-teacher association tries to find ways to help overcome these barriers.

In 2008, only about one in five Beninese girls enrolled in secondary school, as opposed to nearly half of all boys. Using student monitors is only one of many tactics upon which Benin’s schools rely to turn around the dismal record of school attendance and completion.

Community responsibility

The UNICEF-supported community education initiative in 645 schools around the country makes education the responsibility of elected leaders as well as educators, parents and students themselves.

Bembéréké Mayor Chabu Mane Moussa regularly attends the parent-teacher association’s meetings, which take place in a school classroom. “The constitution of Benin says every child must go to school, whether it is a boy or girl,” the mayor points out. “We have to make sure the school is a factor in our development because in any country, if there is no education, there is no development.”

Educating parents on the importance of schooling, especially for girls, is a large part of the effort in Benin. The Girls’ Education Acceleration Strategy, signed in 2005, promoted gender equality, and primary school is free for all children. Girls’ enrolment has increased significantly as a result.

Parental engagement

“Here in Benin, most of the parents are uneducated and don’t know how to read and write. But they want to know how their child is performing,” explains the headmaster at Bembéréké Primary School, Saka Jonas.

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©UNICEF video
Mothers of Bembéréké village gather once a week to make gari, a popular food made from ground cassava, which they sell it in the markets; a portion of the proceeds supports the local school.

Colour-coded forms show parents their children’s academic performance, along with a record of their attendance, punctuality and behaviour. The system encourages parent interest and support, and helps to build trust between the teachers and parents.

The women of the district where Bembéréké  is located support the school by making and selling gari (a popular food made from cassava) once a week. They donate a portion of their earnings to the school. Another portion goes into a rotating fund from which mothers can borrow at a low interest rate to pay for school uniforms and other educational necessities.

The proceeds from these sales enabled the building of a new pre-school in the village.

Women organize

Tamou Kpageno, a farmer’s wife with five children all under the age of 10, is an active member of the women’s group that supports education. She also benefits from the services provided by the pre-school. Instead of worrying about how she will care for her three- and four-year-olds, she has her older children drop them off at the pre-school centre.

“We women organized ourselves to make money to send our children to school,” says Ms. Kpageno, sitting on a stool as she fries gari. “I hope my children will be good teachers or good policemen, or that some of them even go to Europe to be successful.”


 

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