The school participation effect

Investigating violence and formal education among girls in the Democratic Republic of Congo

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Author/Publisher: Debbie Landis, Gary Yu, Sophie Tanner, Caroline Karungu, PA Mallinga, Kathryn Falb & Lindsay Stark/Journal of Comparative and International Education 
Language: Education

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Quantitative research was carried out with girls aged 10–14 across 14 sites in South Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo, to investigate the prevalence of three forms of violence across four levels of participation in formal education.  Girls’ higher levels of participation in formal education were significantly associated with lower reported rates of physical and sexual violence. Findings also suggest a significant protective effect of formal education on girls from physical and sexual violence as well as a significant relationship between girls’ age and risk of experiencing physical and sexual violence.


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